This really is an introductory explanation of the various kinds of oral contraceptive pills that will help you to finally select the one that is better for the body. 50 years on, we’ve learned that the oral contraceptive pill for women still prevents pregnancy if it’s composed of much lower doses of estrogen and progestin than in the first days. ‘The Pill’ used to contain 50-100 micrograms of estrogen and today it includes only 20-35 micrograms, with researchers trying to lessen this amount further to lessen side effects. Synthetic hormones (estrogen/ethinyl estradiol and progestin) found in contraceptive pills mimic the natural hormones (oestrogen and progesterone) made by the ovaries, adrenal gland and liver.
Estrogen’s main job in a contraceptive pill is to prevent ovulation (release of an egg from the woman’s ovary). Progestin in the pill, whilst it does have some intermittent impact on ovulation (about 50% of the time) is relied on mainly to thicken the mucus across the cervix to prevent sperm from getting to an egg.
Contraceptive Pills can be found in two basic types: single hormone pills (progestin only) and combination hormone pills (estrogen + progestin) Pills are given in two basic packs- 28 day pill packs= 3 weeks of active hormone pills +1 week placebo pills and 21 day pill packs= 3 weeks of active hormone pills without placebo pills.
PROGESTIN only pills (the ‘mini pill’) do not contain estrogen and just have a small amount of progestin in them. Breastfeeding women tend to be prescribed these ‘mini pills’ (estrogen could cause a reduction in milk supply) as well as women who cannot take synthetic estrogen for medical reasons. Negative effects are significantly less than pills containing estrogen and they are not associated with heart problems, however, irregular bleeding /spotting/mood swings may occur. Progestin only pills MUST be used at the same time every day and are affected by vomiting or diarrhoea.This type of contraceptive pill isn’t suffering from antibiotics.
COMBINATION PILLS- contain estrogen and progestin and can be further categorized to be Monophasic, Biphasic or Triphasic- so what do these terms mean? Pills are put in these categories according to whether or not the levels of hormones they contain stay the same through the first three weeks of a woman’s menstrual cycle (in 28 day pill packs, the pills for the fourth week in the pack are placebo or ‘reminder pills’ which can be inactive and do not contain any hormones)
MONOPHASIC Pill- is one which contains the same level of hormones in every ACTIVE pill so you’re less inclined to have mood swings as your hormone levels do not vary much through the month. Popular monophasic pills include:Alesse, Brevicon, Desogen, Levlen, Levlite, Loestrin, Modicon, Nelova, Nordette, Norinyl,Ortho-Cept, Ortho-Cyclen, Ortho-Novum, Ovcon, Yasmin. In 2003 the buy adderall pills FDA approved a brand new packaging of a monophasic contraceptive pill called Seasonale. This pill is taken for 91 days, during which no periods occur -so in twelve months, women taking this pill will only have 4 periods (for the very first year though, expect the same no. of menstrual days just like a traditional contraceptive pill till the human body adjusts)
BIPHASIC PIll- is one which contains different amounts of hormones through the pack. These pills alter your hormone levels once throughout your cycle by increasing the dosage of progestin about halfway through your cycle and are considered to better match your body’s natural production of hormones- they contain smaller doses of hormones altogether than monophasic pills. However, insufficient evidence has been gathered to favour these pills over monophasic ones, where much more reliable data is available so monophasic pills are preferred. Breakthrough bleeding has been reported as a side effect with one of these pills. Popular biphasic pills include : Jenest, Mircette, Necon 10/11, Nelova 10/11, Ortho-Novum 10/11. Attempts to decrease negative effects led to the three-phase pill in the 1980s.
TRIPHASE pill- is one which contains 3 different amounts of hormones in the ACTIVE pills over three weeks, i.e. a big change in hormone levels within the body occurs every 7 days for the very first 3 weeks.. The dose of estrogen is gradually increased and in a few pills, the dose of progestin is also increased. Whether three-phase pills result in fewer pregnancies than two-phase pills is unknown. Nor can it be known if the pills give better cycle control or have fewer side effects. Try to find the ‘TRI’ on the label such as for example:Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Triphasil, Tri-Levlen, Trivora, Tri-Norinyl, other brands include: Cyclessa, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7.
The Best Pill to Take – All contraceptive pills are effective if taken correctly, with combination pills (containing both estrogen and progestin) being more effective compared to the low dose ‘mini pill’ ;.Monophasic pills could be the best in the first place because they are cheaper and people that have lower amounts of estrogen might have fewer negative effects (but more breakthrough bleeding)
Always use back up (a condom or diaphragm) for the remaining month in the event that you miss a pill. Trial and error, negative effects and talking to your doctor should help you to locate a contraceptive pill that suits your body. Pregnancies occur mainly when women forget to have a pill or bring them incorrectly, vomit, get diarrhoea or, in the event of the mini pill, do not take pills at the same time each day. It’s very easy to start a pill packet late if you merely forget or in the event that you don’t have the next new packet on hand. The most dangerous time to miss a pill is at the conclusion or beginning of a bundle because it lengthens the pill free gap beyond seven days meaning that you may not have absorbed sufficient synthetic hormones to prevent you from ovulating in the next month.